The West African Examinations Council (WAEC) syllabus for Hausa stands as a comprehensive guide for students preparing for the WAEC examinations in the Hausa language. This syllabus serves as a roadmap, outlining the topics, themes, and skills that candidates should master to excel in the examination. In this guide, we delve into the key components of the WAEC Hausa Syllabus, offering insights that will empower students on their academic journey.

WAEC Hausa Syllabus

Understanding the WAEC Hausa Syllabus 

Overview of the Hausa Language:

   – The WAEC Hausa Syllabus begins with an overview of the language, emphasizing the fundamental aspects of grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation. This section lays the foundation for a comprehensive understanding of the language.

Listening Comprehension:

   – Proficiency in listening comprehension is crucial, and the syllabus outlines the skills students need to develop in this aspect. Candidates are expected to grasp spoken Hausa, understand dialogues, and respond appropriately to questions based on audio content.

Oral Expression and Communication:

   – The syllabus places emphasis on oral expression and communication skills. Students are guided on effective communication in Hausa, including the ability to engage in conversations, express ideas, and present information coherently.

Reading Comprehension:

   – Reading comprehension is a key focus area, with the syllabus providing a list of recommended texts and passages that students should be familiar with. This includes prose, poetry, and informational texts in the Hausa language.

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Writing Skills:

   – The WAEC Hausa Syllabus details the various forms of writing that candidates are expected to master. This includes essay writing, letter composition, and creative writing. Proper grammar, spelling, and punctuation are integral to success in this section.

Cultural Appreciation:

   – An essential aspect of the syllabus is the exploration of Hausa culture. Students are encouraged to gain an appreciation for the cultural nuances embedded in the language, including traditional beliefs, customs, and societal norms.

Literary Appreciation:

   – Literary works in the Hausa language are a significant component of the syllabus. Candidates are expected to analyze and appreciate Hausa literature, including prose, poetry, and drama, fostering a deeper understanding of the language’s literary richness.

Language Use in Context:

   – The syllabus highlights the importance of using the Hausa language in various contexts. This includes formal and informal settings, enabling candidates to adapt their language skills to different situations.


It will consist of two papers, Papers 1 and 2. Details on the papers are as follows: 

Paper 1: Will be a multiple choice objective test which will last1 hour and carry 60 

marks. It will have three sections, Sections A, B, and C. 


Comprehension (2 short passages) – 10 items 

Composition/Letter Writing – 4 items 

Sound System – 6 items 

Grammar – 6 items 

Translation – 4 items 30 items 


Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation – 4 items 

Oral Literature Prose – 3 items) 

Poetry – 3 items) 13 items 

Drama – 3 items) 

Written Literature Prose – 3 items) Poetry – 3 items) 9 items 

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Drama – 3 items) 


Customs – 4 items) 

Institutions – 4 items) 8 items 

TOTAL – (30 + 22 + 8) = 60 items 

In Section B, all questions other than those on Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation 

will be on the set books for Paper 2. 

PAPER 2: This will be an essay test which will also be in three sections, Sections A, B 

and C. The rubrics shall be written in Hausa. The paper will take 2 hours and carry 100 

marks. Candidates will be required to answer six questions as follows:


The WAEC Hausa Syllabus is a valuable tool that empowers students to navigate the complexities of the Hausa language with confidence. Beyond being a guide for examination preparation, it serves as a gateway to a deeper appreciation of Hausa culture and literature. Students are encouraged to approach their studies with diligence, utilizing the syllabus as a roadmap to success in the WAEC examinations and beyond. As they master the intricacies of the Hausa language, they not only enhance their academic achievements but also contribute to the preservation and celebration of the rich linguistic and cultural heritage embedded in the Hausa language.

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